Regulations on the use of personal property fall under intellectual property, company Law News, trusts and commercial law. An example of a basic case of most property law is Armory v Delamirie . A chimney sweep’s boy found a jewel encrusted with precious stones. The goldsmith’s apprentice looked at it, sneakily removed the stones, told the boy it was worth three halfpence and that he would buy it. The boy said he would prefer the jewel back, so the apprentice gave it to him, but without the stones. The boy sued the goldsmith for his apprentice’s attempt to cheat him.
If a country has an entrenched constitution, a special majority for changes to the constitution may be required, making changes to the law more difficult. A government usually leads the process, which can be formed from Members of Parliament (e.g. the UK or Germany). However, in a presidential system, the government is usually formed by an executive and his or her appointed cabinet officials (e.g. the United States or Brazil). Jurimetrics is the formal application of quantitative methods, especially probability and statistics, to legal questions.
- Western Europe, meanwhile, relied on a mix of the Theodosian Code and Germanic customary